This low-angle self-portrait of NASA's Curiosity Mars rover shows the vehicle at the site from which it reached down to drill into a rock target called "Buckskin" on lower Mount Sharp.
NASA Statement / Press Release about Mars - What They Want You To Know About
Mars Curiosity, June 7, 2018, RELEASE 18-050, NASA Finds Ancient Organic Material, Mysterious Methane on Mars, Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS
NASA's Curiosity rover has found new evidence preserved in rocks on Mars that suggests the planet could have supported ancient life, as well as new evidence in the Martian atmosphere that relates to the search for current life on the Red Planet. While not necessarily evidence of life itself, these findings are a good sign for future missions exploring the planet’s surface and subsurface.
The new findings – “tough” organic molecules in three-billion-year-old sedimentary rocks near the surface, as well as seasonal variations in the levels of methane in the atmosphere – appear in the June 8 edition of the journal Science.
Organic molecules contain carbon and hydrogen, and also may include oxygen, nitrogen and other elements. While commonly associated with life, organic molecules also can be created by non-biological processes and are not necessarily indicators of life.
“With these new findings, Mars is telling us to stay the course and keep searching for evidence of life,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters, in Washington. “I’m confident that our ongoing and planned missions will unlock even more breathtaking discoveries on the Red Planet.”
“Curiosity has not determined the source of the organic molecules,” said Jen Eigenbrode of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, who is lead author of one of the two new Science papers. “Whether it holds a record of ancient life, was food for life, or has existed in the absence of life, organic matter in Martian materials holds chemical clues to planetary conditions and processes.”
Although the surface of Mars is inhospitable today, there is clear evidence that in the distant past, the Martian climate allowed liquid water – an essential ingredient for life as we know it – to pool at the surface. Data from Curiosity reveal that billions of years ago, a water lake inside Gale Crater held all the ingredients necessary for life, including chemical building blocks and energy sources.
“The Martian surface is exposed to radiation from space. Both radiation and harsh chemicals break down organic matter,” said Eigenbrode. “Finding ancient organic molecules in the top five centimeters of rock that was deposited when Mars may have been habitable, bodes well for us to learn the story of organic molecules on Mars with future missions that will drill deeper.”
Seasonal Methane Releases
In the second paper, scientists describe the discovery of seasonal variations in methane in the Martian atmosphere over the course of nearly three Mars years, which is almost six Earth years. This variation was detected by Curiosity’s Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) instrument suite.
Water-rock chemistry might have generated the methane, but scientists cannot rule out the possibility of biological origins. Methane previously had been detected in Mars' atmosphere in large, unpredictable plumes. This new result shows that low levels of methane within Gale Crater repeatedly peak in warm, summer months and drop in the winter every year.
"This is the first time we've seen something repeatable in the methane story, so it offers us a handle in understanding it," said Chris Webster of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, lead author of the second paper. "This is all possible because of Curiosity's longevity. The long duration has allowed us to see the patterns in this seasonal 'breathing.'"
Finding Organic Molecules
To identify organic material in the Martian soil, Curiosity drilled into sedimentary rocks known as mudstone from four areas in Gale Crater. This mudstone gradually formed billions of years ago from silt that accumulated at the bottom of the ancient lake. The rock samples were analyzed by SAM, which uses an oven to heat the samples (in excess of 900 degrees Fahrenheit, or 500 degrees Celsius) to release organic molecules from the powdered rock.
SAM measured small organic molecules that came off the mudstone sample – fragments of larger organic molecules that don’t vaporize easily. Some of these fragments contain sulfur, which could have helped preserve them in the same way sulfur is used to make car tires more durable, according to Eigenbrode.
The results also indicate organic carbon concentrations on the order of 10 parts per million or more. This is close to the amount observed in Martian meteorites and about 100 times greater than prior detections of organic carbon on Mars’ surface. Some of the molecules identified include thiophenes, benzene, toluene, and small carbon chains, such as propane or butene.
In 2013, SAM detected some organic molecules containing chlorine in rocks at the deepest point in the crater. This new discovery builds on the inventory of molecules detected in the ancient lake sediments on Mars and helps explains why they were preserved.
Finding methane in the atmosphere and ancient carbon preserved on the surface gives scientists confidence that NASA's Mars 2020 rover and ESA’s (European Space Agency's) ExoMars rover will find even more organics, both on the surface and in the shallow subsurface.
These results also inform scientists’ decisions as they work to find answers to questions concerning the possibility of life on Mars.
“Are there signs of life on Mars?” said Michael Meyer, lead scientist for NASA's Mars Exploration Program, at NASA Headquarters. “We don’t know, but these results tell us we are on the right track.”
This work was funded by NASA's Mars Exploration Program for the agency’s Science Mission Directorate (SMD) in Washington. Goddard provided the SAM instrument. JPL built the rover and manages the project for SMD.
For video and images of the findings, visit: https://www.nasa.gov/mediaresources
Information on NASA’s Mars activities is available online at: https://www.nasa.gov/mars ...end
Bill Knell's Response To NASA (re: 6/7/2018 Release) - What They Do NOT Want You To Know About
Although the surface of Mars is inhospitable today, there is clear evidence that in the distant past, the Martian climate allowed liquid water – an essential ingredient for life as we know it – to pool at the surface. Data from Curiosity reveal that billions of years ago, a water lake inside Gale Crater held all the ingredients necessary for life, including chemical building blocks and energy sources. - NASA, 6/7/2018
"Are there signs of life on Mars?” said Michael Meyer, lead scientist for NASA's Mars Exploration Program, at NASA Headquarters. “We don’t know, but these results tell us we are on the right track.”
6/7/2/18 Statement from NASA: "NASA's Curiosity rover has found new evidence preserved in rocks on Mars that suggests the planet could have supported ancient life, as well as new evidence in the Martian atmosphere that relates to the search for current life on the Red Planet. While not necessarily evidence of life itself, these findings are a good sign for future missions exploring the planet’s surface and subsurface."
Bill Knell's Response:
For years NASA has gone out of their way to assure us that we are alone, as far as life goes, in our solar system. Most Astronomers could care less about LIFE out there, so most of them have eagerly supported the NASA lie. Yes, lie. As a kid in the 1960's I found that most every book in the Library emphatically stated that there is no water or air on Mars. If there was an atmosphere, it would be hopeless thin and of no use to humans. Yet, from the beginning our probes have used parachutes to soft land on Mars. It took ten years after they first knew for NASA to tell Earth scholars that the distance between the Earth and the Moon based on gravity was wrong.
All of a suddenly the once dead planet has come to life. There is air and water because things are growing there, as revealed by NASA photos. There are many signs that some sort of intelligent life once existed there and may still be around. Many Mars researchers believe that life which existed on the surface now exists below it. NASA ignores or belittles such conjecture. However, even their own "experts" disagree. In 1996 researchers from the Johnson Space Center called a press conference and told the world that they had found microbial fossils in meteorite ALH 84001. It was found in Antartica in 1984, was thought to be at least 13,000 years old and from Mars.
Almost immediately skeptics, scientists and astronomers leaped on the claims about the "Mars Rock" as the press called it. The live press conference turned into a free-for-all battle of LIFE ON MARS verses NO LIFE ON MARS advocates. It was embarrassing to watch! The good news is that the event forced NASA to slowly admit the discovery of ice on the Martian surface and the likelihood of water under the surface. Even our Moon was no longer the dead satellite that we can see from Earth. Ice and water vapor have been photographed. Wait, water vapor floating around? Without any air? The plot thickens...
Astronaut statements have only added to the mess. Several have implied that Alien life exists because they have seen it. In the 1980s a recording of Shuttle Astronaut John Blaha made it's way to me. During a radio transmission he clearly states, "We still have the Alien spacecraft under observance." Watch my documentary, "UFOs: The Hidden Truth" available for free viewing. There is a link to it on my website at http://www.billknellsworld.com.
The idea that Mars is not the dead world we though it was is no surprise to serious researchers. Nineteenth Century Astronomers reported seeing odd lights that would appear, disappear and change location on both Mars and the Moon. Then there are those purposely blurred photos from the Mars rovers. Experts say they can easily tell that many photos released by NASA have been compromised. Several experts at Kodak Labs first came forward with this troubling information in the early 1980s.
Don't expect the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, from NASA any time soon. I have done a number of guest spots on radio and TV shows where I have gone up against NASA astronauts and experts alike. Sadly, it was difficult to have an intelligent conversation with them about specific incidents involving UFOs, aliens or NASA cover ups because in many cases they knew little or nothing about the examples I brought up. So, how can you tell when NASA spokespersons are lying about Mars? When their lips are moving.
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